Apophis

(NB I keep adding to this Apophis section)

Every now and then in life we need a clearout. Sometimes things go wrong and we need to start again – our business might fail, we lose our job or relationship, our home gets repossessed or flooded. The same is true with our gardens, our attics and many other aspects of our lives. It is also true on a national scale occasionally and every now and then on a world scale. Bankruptcy for example can happen to individuals, businesses, banks, nations and even be seen in global economic crashes and recessions. It can also happen with our health and with the health of our planet.

I doubt many would consider that there actually are gods or goddesses like the Ancient Egyptian Shu (Sky god)), Nun (Sea god) or Geb (Earth god). We find them in many cultures with different names and genders. Even if we consider them in abstract terms – our atmosphere, oceans and our planet (or farmlands and forests) very few would agree that we can communicate with them. Even fewer would dream of apologising to them for the pollution we have caused, poisoning them. I would add that very few have their eyes open to our real world and its spiritual base and therefore have not asked these ones for more time to sort out the problem. Having said that I am not aware of a huge international effort to clean up the pollution although one young man has gained over $2 million crowd funding to clean up the plastic rubbish in the Pacific – (https://www.pri.org/stories/2016-08-17/meet-22-year-old-big-idea-cleaning-great-pacific-garbage-patch). Empty words and apologies will not convince these gods.

The ancients saw this too and could forecast it. In Egypt they saw it as a snake that could encircle the world and destroy it, along with the creator gods. They gave this snake a name – Apep and the Greeks called it Apophis thus when we seemed to be threatened by an asteroid a few years ago they called it after this beast:

 

“99942 Apophis (/ə’pɒfɪs/, previously known by its provisional designation 2004 MN4) is a near-Earth asteroid that caused a brief period of concern in December 2004 because initial observations indicated a probability of up to 2.7% that it would hit Earth on April 13, 2029. Additional observations provided improved predictions that eliminated the possibility of an impact on Earth or the Moon in 2029. However, until 2006, a possibility remained that during the 2029 close encounter with Earth, Apophis would pass through a gravitational keyhole, a small region no more than about 965 kilometres (600 miles) wide, that would set up a future impact exactly seven years later, on April 13, 2036. This possibility kept it at Level 1 on the Torino impact hazard scale until August 2006, when the probability that Apophis would pass through the keyhole was determined to be very small. By 2008, the keyhole had been determined to be less than 1 km wide. During the short time when it had been of greatest concern, Apophis set the record for highest rating on the Torino scale, reaching level 4.……Receiving a permanent number made it eligible for naming, and it received the name “Apophis” on July 19, 2005. Apophis is the Greek name of an enemy of the Ancient Egyptian sun-god Ra: Apep, the Uncreator, an evil serpent that dwells in the eternal darkness of the Duat and tries to swallow Ra during his nightly passage. Apep is held at bay by Set, the Ancient Egyptian god of storms and the desert. David J. Tholen and Tucker—two of the co-discoverers of the asteroid—are reportedly fans of the TV series Stargate SG-1. One of the show’s persistent villains is an alien named Apophis. He is one of the principal threats to the existence of civilization on Earth through the first few seasons, thus likely why the asteroid was named after him. In the fictional world of the show, the alien’s backstory was that he had lived on Earth during ancient times and had posed as a god, thereby giving rise to the myth of the Egyptian god of the same name.” Wikipedia

The Egyptians called this Set, Sutekh or Sutah. Throughout Egyptian history this ‘foreign god’, usually depicted as a hound,  stood in the prow of the boat belonging to the sun god with a harpoon in his hand and as soon as he saw the snake he threatened it, eventually chopping off its head and cutting it in pieces. He was thought to be the only one capable of subduing this serpent but he never killed it because the next night it would be there again, at the seventh hour. The boat was called the boat of millions of years and we might deduce that this ’nightly journey’ was in fact one that happened at the end of an age, not a day. We can also see when these times occurred in Egyptian history. For most of it Sutekh was an unpopular god (demonised by successive pharaohs) but at certain times the pharaohs called him out of exile and either took his name or adopted his hound symbol. These reigns were times of change, rooting out growing corruption. If you want to know more about the instances where this happened or even see all the pictures and statements recorded of Sutekh this article below is absolutely the best thing I have seen on him:

http://www.matertiamat.com/docs/set-find.pdf

Joan Lansberry has gone to great trouble to collate all of this but my interest today is to show how the pictures showing Sutekh spear the beast are relevant today and may help to explain how we might be saved from extinction this time around. There are other cultures that speak of this beast.

” Jörmungandr the serpent grew so large that he was able to surround the earth and grasp his own tail.] As a result, he received the name of the Midgard Serpent or World Serpent. When he lets go, the world will end. Jörmungandr’s arch-enemy is the god Thor.” Wikipedia Norse mythology

” One was the lethal poison known as Halahala, which in some versions of the story, escaped from the mouth of the serpent king as the demons and gods churned. This terrified the gods and demons because the poison was so powerful that it could destroy all of creation. Then the gods approached Shiva for protection. Shiva consumed the poison in an act to protect the universe, and his wife Parvati pressed her hand on Shiva’s throat to save the universe. As a result, Shiva’s neck turned blue. For this reason, Lord Shiva is also called Neelakanta (the blue-throated one)” Wikipedia

Sutekh was a predynsatic god and we first find him in the prototype Egyptian writings, for example engraved on a famous macehead and palettes from 3500BC. The first pharaoh to take his name and standard was Seth- Peribsen in the 2nd Dynasty (before the pyramids) about 2800BC.

Peribsen’s royal name is a subject of curiosity for Egyptologists because it is connected to the deity Seth rather than Horus, as was traditional for the name of a pharaoh. The debate continues over why Peribsen chose this name. Earlier theories have favoured the idea that Egypt was split in two realms during Peribsen’s time or that he was a heretic, who sought to start a new monotheistic religion with Seth as the only worshipped god. However, newer evidence and evaluations tend to show that the Egyptian kingdom was unified, but witnessed a vast and profound reform during the second dynasty. Seal impressions from tombs of this era reveal great changes in the titles held by high officials, pointing to a reduction of their power” Wikipedia

Another pharaoh came much later:

“Menmaatre Seti I (or Sethos I as in Greek) was a pharaoh of the New Kingdom Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt, the son of Ramesses I and Sitre, and the father of Ramesses II. As with all dates in Ancient Egypt, the actual dates of his reign are unclear, and various historians claim different dates, with 1294 BC to 1279 BC and 1290 BC to 1279 BC being the most commonly used by scholars today.

The name ‘Seti’ means “of Set”, which indicates that he was consecrated to the god Set (also termed “Sutekh” or “Seth”). As with most pharaohs, Seti had several names. Upon his ascension, he took the prenomen “mn-m3‘t-r‘ “, usually vocalized as Menmaatre, in Egyptian, which means “Established is the Justice of Re.” His better known nomen, or birth name, is transliterated as “sty mry-n-ptḥ” or Sety Merenptah, meaning “Man of Set, beloved of Ptah“. Manetho incorrectly considered him to be the founder of the 19th dynasty, and gave him a reign length of 55 years, though no evidence has ever been found for so long a reign……After the enormous social upheavals generated by Akhenaten‘s religious reform, Horemheb, Ramesses I and Seti I’s main priority was to re-establish order in the kingdom and to reaffirm Egypt’s sovereignty over Canaan and Syria….” Wikipedia

It is from this time, the 19th Dynasty, that we find the ‘Stela of Taqayna’ depicting Apep with a human head.

What happens in empires is that some organisations, and temples, become incredibly powerful and wealthy. But they also become corrupt. It happened to Egypt a few times in its long history but also to its neighbours, to Greece and Rome. Possibly it happened to Britain’s vast colonial empire under Victoria and her successor emperors. We may be seeing something of a vast and bloated corporate empire now. But what the story tells us is not that the thing is killed. It has its head removed, perhaps we might see that as the CEO or board sacked, and it is cut up into smaller parts. This is sometimes done to prevent monopolies these days when very large corporations are forced to split. Otherwise they strangle the planet because the temptation of monopoly is to charge extortionately whenever there is no competition.

I should explain how Sutekh and Horus work. They are ‘influences’. Horus is a war god and represented by the hawk. We see his influence in every generation and in every war. Sutekh is very different.  Horus has always ‘contended’ with him. Sutekh’s concern is with the ordinary people, the poor and  he seems to intervene when oppression is too great and stability is threatened. One need only look at history to see how these influences have worked but bear in mind that it is written that Thoth sprang from Sutekh’s head and Thoth is not only the peacekeeper of the Gods but the bringer of writing to humanity. Sutekh’s influence has often been through what we might still call scribes, for whom Thoth was the protector, thus his ‘influence’ has often come from writers and thinkers rather than warriors. He wanted rule by a group of elders rather than a single monarch and we can note that there is a group of highly respected elders in our time, not that they have that much influence right now:

The Elders is an international non-governmental organisation of public figures noted as elder statesmen, peace activists, and human rights advocates, who were brought together by Nelson Mandela in 2007. They describe themselves as “independent global leaders working together for peace and human rights”. The goal Mandela set for the Elders was to use their “almost 1,000 years of collective experience” to work on solutions for seemingly insurmountable problems such as climate change, HIV/AIDS, and poverty, as well as to “use their political independence to help resolve some of the world’s most intractable conflicts“.

The Elders

  1. Martti Ahtisaari, former President of Finland, Nobel Peace Prize laureate
  2. Kofi Annan (Chair), former Secretary-General of the United Nations, Nobel Peace Prize laureate
  3. Ela Bhatt, founder of the Self-Employed Women’s Association of India
  4. Lakhdar Brahimi, former Foreign Minister of Algeria and United Nations envoy
  5. Gro Harlem Brundtland (Deputy Chair), former Prime Minister of Norway and former Director-General of the World Health Organization
  6. Fernando Henrique Cardoso, former President of Brazil
  7. Hina Jilani, international human rights defender from Pakistan
  8. Graça Machel, former Education Minister of Mozambique, President of the Foundation for Community Development, widow of Samora Machel and widow of Nelson Mandela
  9. Mary Robinson, former President of Ireland and former United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
  10. Ernesto Zedillo, former President of Mexico
  11. Ricardo Lagos, former President of Chile

Honorary Elders

  1. Desmond Tutu, Archbishop Emeritus of Cape Town, former Bishop of the Anglican Church of Southern Africa and former Chair of South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Nobel Peace Prize laureate

Former Elders

  • Nelson Mandela, a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, was the founder of the Elders and a former president of South Africa. He stepped down to become an honorary member until his death in 2013.
  • Muhammad Yunus, founder of Grameen Bank, microcredit pioneer and Nobel Peace Prize laureate, is a former Elder. Yunus stepped down as a member of The Elders in September 2009, stating that he was unable to do justice to his membership of the group due to the demands of his work.
  • The Myanmar opposition leader and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi is a former honorary Elder. During her period under house arrest, the Elders kept an empty chair at each of their meetings, to mark their solidarity with Suu Kyi and Burma/Myanmar’s other political prisoners. In line with the requirement that members of The Elders should not hold public office, Suu Kyi stepped down as an honorary Elder following her election to parliament on 1 April 2012.
  • Li Zhaoxing, former Foreign Minister of the People’s Republic of China, attended the launch.
  • Jimmy Carter, former President of the United States, Nobel Peace Prize laureate”
  • Wikipedia

The idea behind this is inspired but the actual group leave much to be desired.  They do good work and mean well however I don’t feel they are a match for the human headed beasts strangling our planet and oppressing the poor.  Downsizing is what we need to survive and a vast effort by all nations, the kind of effort we saw made by many nations in World War 2, to take on pollution, poverty, drought, famine and war. Corporations need to turn their expertise to these challenges and making clean energy while we have time, not to make matters worse. Both might be profitable ventures for them but one leads to their extinction the other to our salvation. Quite why they cannot work that out is exactly why Sutekh ‘influence’ is needed and the Horus ‘influence’ countered for a while or preferably working with him. Our armies and navies are the only ones who can save us now and this is the war they must fight, their generals the ones who can win it for us. One day we will need all our satellites and missiles to stop our planet being destroyed by comets and asteroids. How satisfying to win such a battle for humanity and our other species who need their protection. Then of course life will go on as normal just as it has done since the year dot – until the next crisis.

The rivalry between Sutekh and Horus through the ages is only really explained thousands of years later in Greek writings, and by then probably in a very corrupted form as they do not make a lot of sense. The battle between the influences culminated in a boat race. I will copy the Wikipedia text on this:

Horus and Set challenged each other to a boat race, where they each raced in a boat made of stone. Horus and Set agreed, and the race started. But Horus had an edge: his boat was made of wood painted to resemble stone, rather than true stone. Set’s boat, being made of heavy stone, sank, but Horus’ did not. Horus then won the race, and Set stepped down and officially gave Horus the throne of Egypt. After the New Kingdom, Set was still considered lord of the desert and its oases.

In many versions of the story, Horus and Set divide the realm between them. This division can be equated with any of several fundamental dualities that the Egyptians saw in their world. Horus may receive the fertile lands around the Nile, the core of Egyptian civilization, in which case Set takes the barren desert or the foreign lands that are associated with it; Horus may rule the earth while Set dwells in the sky; and each god may take one of the two traditional halves of the country, Upper and Lower Egypt, in which case either god may be connected with either region. Yet in the Memphite Theology, Geb, as judge, first apportions the realm between the claimants and then reverses himself, awarding sole control to Horus. In this peaceable union, Horus and Set are reconciled, and the dualities that they represent have been resolved into a united whole. Through this resolution, order is restored after the tumultuous conflict.

Egyptologists have often tried to connect the conflict between the two gods with political events early in Egypt’s history or prehistory. The cases in which the combatants divide the kingdom, and the frequent association of the paired Horus and Set with the union of Upper and Lower Egypt, suggest that the two deities represent some kind of division within the country. Egyptian tradition and archaeological evidence indicate that Egypt was united at the beginning of its history when an Upper Egyptian kingdom, in the south, conquered Lower Egypt in the north. The Upper Egyptian rulers called themselves “followers of Horus”, and Horus became the tutelary deity of the unified nation and its kings. Yet Horus and Set cannot be easily equated with the two halves of the country. Both deities had several cult centers in each region, and Horus is often associated with Lower Egypt and Set with Upper Egypt. Other events may have also affected the myth…” Wikipedia

There are a few points that can be made. Modern writers often call Sutekh (Set) a ‘trickster’ deity but above we can see that Horus is the trickster. The race should be re-run or the result annulled but it is a bit late for that. What is shown is how the hawks gained the upper hand in history and wars were frequent if not continuous. We might look at a Nostradamus quatrain for our own century:

“The year 1999, seventh month,
From the sky will come a great King of Terror:
To bring back to life the great King of the Mongols,
Before and after Mars to reign by good luck.”

http://www.sacred-texts.com/nos/cen10eng.htm

Mars is the war god Horus.

As for the race in boats of stone. These seem to me to be the huge stone sarcophagi in which the early pharaohs were buried and they certainly would not float. In time they were replaced by wooden coffins, decorated like their predecessors, sometimes plated to look like solid gold. But we can see that over the course of Egyptian history the two contenders were at times reconciled and there is no need for that to be impossible now. Munition manufacturers can easily turn to making electric cars and lorries, or converting those we have. They can turn to developing tidal barriers and solar panel farms to power the new infrastructure. New electric central heating boilers and cookers to replace gas. The vast corporations and armadas of ships and tankers can turn to cleaning the seas. There is much work in providing a food alternative so that fish stocks and the sea bed can recover. They can stop the logging and forest clearances by turning to alternatives recycling all that plastic and glass. Our armies can stop the poaching of endangered species and we can give them the space and water they need. The problem is this. Corporations feel that if they do not drill more oil wells, overfish the seas, log the forests, build the diesel and petrol cars, the gas and nuclear power stations etc then someone else will. So they carry on even though they know there is a problem. Farmland is becoming sterile from repeated drenches of pesticide and fertiliser and needs organic regeneration. A vast human effort can do that. Even organised crime can do something more user friendly with their huge resources. But where is the money for all of this? I would point out that it would be found if world war three broke out and in a real sense this is our world war three, a global war against the huge dangers most species including us face to survive this century.

Defence Industries? We need sea defences for all the world’s coastal cities and low lying arable land before the salt gets into it. It is work that will cost trillions and save many more. Holland shows exactly how it can be achieved but work needs to start now and get funding now based on reasonable or worst case projections, not wishful thinking. This funding needs to be international from bonds or specially printed money if necessary and available asap.

Hopefully Horus and Sutekh can agree on this and start work.

This is why we see this name Sutekh or Sutah cropping up here in its later version:

“ Soter derives from the Greek epithet σωτήρ (sōtēr), meaning a saviour, a deliverer; initial capitalised Σωτήρ; fully capitalised ΣΩΤΗΡ; feminine Soteria (Σωτηρία). Soter has been used as:

as a title of gods: Poseidon Soter, Zeus Soter, Dionysus Soter, Apollo Soter, Athena Soteria and Hecate Soteria.

as the name of a distinct mythical figure, Soter (daimon)

any heroized leaders of Hellenistic dynasties, see hero cult:

Antigonus Monophthalmus, awarded the title for liberating Athens from Cassander

Ptolemy I Soter of Egypt (reigned 323-283 BCE)

Antiochus I Soter of the Seleucid Empire (reigned 281-261 BCE)

Demetrius I Soter of the Seleucid Empire (reigned 161-150 BCE)

Diomedes Soter

Dionysios Soter

Polyxenos Epiphanes Soter

Rabbel II Soter

Attalus I

Seleucus III Ceraunus

Ptolemy IX

Diodotus I

Strato II

Strato I

Menander I

as a title of liberators (see also eleutherios (disambiguation)

a title of Jesus of Nazareth, most particularly in the fish acronym

Pope Soter, r. ca. 167-174

 

Soteriology (/səˌtɪər.i’ɒl.ə.dʒi/; from Greek: σωτηρία sōtēriā “salvation”) is the religious doctrine of salvation. It may also refer to the branch of theology that deals with salvation, especially in Christianity. Salvation theory occupies a place of special significance in many religions.

In the academic field of religious studies, soteriology is understood by scholars as representing a key theme in a number of different religions and is often studied in comparison to various ideas about salvation and how it is obtained among the world religions…”. Wikipedia

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