Issue 19 – 8 June 2017 – rattuos
re the last issue here:
There is nothing like looking at the oldest version of ancient concepts because so many have been corrupted over the thousands of years. The wonder of Egypt is that they wrote so much in stone for us and then hid it safely away only to be discovered in the last two centuries, translated and written down for us on the net! The pyramid texts were undoubtedly ancient even when first transcribed into the walls of some pyramids around 2400BC and I thought it might be of interest to look at some relating to the ‘ka’. These are in the pyramid of Unas:
136: O Unas, beware of the Lake!
To say four times:
The messengers of your ka have come to you, the messengers of your father have come to you, the messengers of Re have come to you
…149: your arms are (those of) Hapy and Duamutef, which you need to ascend to heaven, and you ascend, your legs are (those of) Imsti and Qebehsenuf, which you need to descend to the lower heaven, and you descend. All your members are (those of) the twins of Atum, o Imperishable One! You did not pass away, your ka does not pass away.
You are a ka!
150: I have come to you, Nephtys. I have come to the Evening Barge. I have come to you, True-is-she-over-the-Red, I have come to you, she-who-remembers-the-kas. Remember him, Unas!
161: To say the words:
“O Osiris, this Unas comes indeed, weary of the Nine, an Imperishable Spirit, to reckon hearts, to take kas, to grant kas. His every appointment obliges one (to do his duty), him who he has elevated, and him who applied to him.
162: There is no one who withdraws because he will have no bread, his ka will have no bread, his bread will be withheld from him [worship and address Unas as a god, in do ut des fashion]. Geb said, and it came forth from the mouth of the Ennead:
“Hawk, after he has seized (his own)!” so they said, “Lo! you are ensouled and powerful!”.
163: He comes indeed, this Unas, weary of the Nine, an Imperishable spirit, he that bore more than you, he that suffered more than you, he that is more weary than you, he that became greater than you, he who will be happier than you, he who roars louder than you. You have no more time there! Lo, this is what Seth* and Thoth* have done, your two brothers, who could not bewail you!
…183: In your name of He-in-the-Mansion-of-the-Scorpion, the appeased ka, he lives! This Unas lives! He is not dead, this Unas is not dead! He is not gone down, this Unas is not gone down! He has not been judged, this Unas has not been judged! He judges, this Unas judges!
17: He goes who goes with his ka. Horus goes with his ka, Seth goes with his ka. Thoth goes.
To say four times: “He goes who goes with his Ka!
Horus goes with his Ka,
Seth goes with his Ka,
Thoth goes with his Ka.
The God goes with his Ka,
He-With-Two-Eyes goes with his Ka,
You yourself also go with your Ka.
O Unas, the arm of your ka is before you.
O Unas, the arm of your ka is behind you.
O Unas, the leg of your ka is before you.
O Unas, the leg of your ka is behind you.
Osiris Unas, I give you the Eye of Horus, that your face may be adorned with it, that the perfume of the Eye of Horus may spread towards you.
* this was written long before the demonisation of Seth (Sutekh) from whose head Thoth sprang.
Whether the scribes inscribing these texts on the walls of the pyramid of Unas understood them is not clear. Some speak of a time when kings were buried in the sand in pre-Dynastic Egypt long before they built pyramids.
“The oldest version consists of 228 spells and comes from the Pyramid of Unas, who was the last king of the 5th Dynasty. Other texts were discovered in the pyramids of the 6th Dynasty kings Teti, Pepi I, Merenre, and Pepi II; they also occur in the pyramids of a number of 6th Dynasty queens, Ankhenespepy II, Neit, Iput II, Wedjebten, and Behenu….
Unas /’juːnəs/ or Wenis, also spelled Unis (hellenized form Oenas /’iːnəs/ or Onnos), was an Ancient Egyptian pharaoh, the ninth and last ruler of the Fifth Dynasty during the Old Kingdom period. Unas reigned for 15 to 30 years in the mid-24th century BC succeeding Djedkare Isesi, who might have been his father. Little is known of Unas’ activities during his reign, which was a time of economic decline. Egypt maintained trade relations with the Levantine coast and Nubia, and military action may have taken place in southern Canaan…”